259D Compact Track Loader – MID 039 – CID 0091 – FMI 03

Conditions Which Generate This Code:



Illustration 1g03370228

Schematic of the Throttle Position Sensor

This diagnostic code is associated with the Hand Dial Throttle Position Sensor. The FMI 03 means that the ECM has determined that the voltage of the circuit for the sensor is above normal.

The throttle position control has an output frequency of approximately 500 Hz. The duty cycle of the signal changes as the throttle pedal position is changed. The duty cycle increases as the throttle pedal is fully depressed. The throttle pedal values are dependent on the throttle pedal linkage. Valid values range from 5% to 95% duty cycle.

Refer to Systems Operation, "Sensors" for more information regarding the operation of the sensor and the location.

The possible causes of this diagnostic code are listed below:

  • The sensor power supply circuit is open.

  • The sensor return circuit is open.

  • The signal circuit is open.

  • The signal circuit is shorted to a voltage source.

  • The sensor has failed.

  • The ECM has failed. This is unlikely.

Note: The following test procedure may create other diagnostic codes. Ignore these created diagnostic codes and clear the diagnostic codes when the original diagnostic code has been corrected. Ensure that the diagnostic code of CID 0091 FMI 03 is active before performing this procedure.

Note: Use the 146-4080 Digital Multimeter for the measurements in this procedure.

System Response:

The diagnostic will generate a level 2 warning. Underspeed Control will be disabled and the hystat transmission will be limited to low speed.

Test Step 1. CHECK FOR POWER AT THE SENSOR.

  1. Do not disconnect the harness connector from the sensor.

  1. Turn the key start switch to the ON position.

  1. At the back of the harness connector for the sensor, insert a 7X-1710 Multimeter Probe along the voltage supply wire (contact A) and return wire (contact B).

  1. Measure the voltage from contact A to B.

Expected Result:

The voltage measurement is 8.0 ± 0.5 DCV.

Results:

  • OK - The voltage measurement is 8.0 ± 0.5 DCV. The voltage is correct. Proceed to Test Step 2.

  • NOT OK - The voltage is not correct.

    Repair: Replace the machine harness or repair the machine harness.

    STOP

Test Step 2. CHECK THE SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR AN OPEN CIRCUIT.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable and turn the key start switch to the OFF position.

  1. Disconnect the machine harness from the sensor.

  1. At the harness connector for the sensor, connect a jumper wire between contact B and contact C.

  1. Disconnect the machine harness connector(s) from the ECM.

  1. At the harness connector for the ECM, measure the resistance between contact J1-45 (wire P770-WH) and contact J2-48 (wire T914-OR).

Expected Result:

The resistance measurement is less than 5 ohms.

Results:

  • OK - The resistance measurement is less than 5 ohms. The circuit is correct. Proceed to Test Step 3.

  • NOT OK - The resistance is greater than 5 ohms. The circuit is not correct. There is an open circuit in the wiring harness.

    Repair: Repair the wiring harness or replace the wiring harness.

    STOP

Test Step 3. CHECK THE SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR A SHORT TO THE +BATTERY CIRCUIT.

  1. The key start switch remains in the OFF position.

  1. The machine harness remains disconnected from the sensor. Remove the jumper wire that was installed in the previous step.

  1. The machine harness connector(s) remains disconnected from the ECM.

  1. At the machine harness connector for the ECM, measure the resistance from the signal contact J2-48 (wire T914-OR) of the machine harness to all of the J1 and J2 contacts of the ECM.

Expected Result:

Each resistance measurement is greater than 5000 ohms.

Results:

  • OK - Each resistance measurement is greater than 5000 ohms. The machine harness is correct. Proceed to Test Step 4.

  • NOT OK - One or more resistance measurements is not correct. There is a short in the machine harness.

    Repair: The short is between signal contact J2-48 (wire T914-OR) and a +battery circuit in the machine harness. Repair the machine harness or replace the machine harness.

    STOP

Test Step 4. CHECK THE OUTPUT OF THE SENSOR.

  1. Reconnect the machine harness connectors to the ECM. Reconnect the machine harness connector to the sensor.

  1. At the back of the harness connector for the sensor, insert a 7X-1710 Multimeter Probe along the signal wire (contact C).

  1. At the back of the harness connector for the sensor, insert a 7X-1710 Multimeter Probe along the ground wire (contact B).

  1. Reconnect the negative battery cable and turn the key start switch to the ON position.

  1. Measure the duty cycle of the signal. The valid sensor range is 5% duty cycle to 95% duty cycle.

Expected Result:

The signal from the sensor is valid.

Results:

  • OK - The signal from the sensor is valid. Proceed to Test Step 5.

  • NOT OK - The signal from the sensor is not valid.

    Repair: The sensor has failed. Replace the sensor.

    STOP

Test Step 5. CHECK IF THE DIAGNOSTIC CODE REMAINS.

  1. Inspect the contacts of the harness connectors and clean the connectors.

  1. Reconnect all harness connectors.

  1. Turn the key start switch to the ON position.

  1. Operate the machine.

  1. Check the status of the CID 0091 FMI 03.

Expected Result:

The CID 0091 FMI 03 is active.

Results:

  • YES - The CID 0091 FMI 03 is active. The diagnostic code has not been corrected. The ECM may have failed.

    Repair: It is unlikely that the ECM has failed. Exit this procedure and perform this procedure again. If the cause of the diagnostic code is not found, contact your dealership's Technical Communicator for possible consultation with Caterpillar. This consultation may greatly reduce repair time. If the ECM requires replacement, refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Electronic Control Module (ECM) - Replace".

    STOP

  • NO - The CID 0091 FMI 03 is not active. The diagnostic code does not exist at this time.

    Repair: The initial diagnostic code was probably caused by a poor electrical connection or a short at one of the harness connectors that was disconnected and reconnected. Resume normal machine operation.

    STOP

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