C13, C15, and C18 Engines Troubleshooting – Fuel Pressure Is Low

System Operation Description:

Note: The E198 or 5580 code may activate when the water separator is being drained. Disregard the code and toggle the keyswitch to clear the code.

Use this procedure in order to troubleshoot a low fuel pressure. Use this procedure if one of the following event codes is active. Refer to Troubleshooting, “Event Codes” for information about event codes. For information on the engine monitoring system, refer to Troubleshooting, “Engine Monitoring System”.

Note: Some of the following codes may not be applicable for certain applications.

Table 1
Diagnostic Trouble Codes
J1939 Code CDL Code Code Description Comments
5580-17 E198 (1) Low Fuel Pressure The code is logged.
5580-18 E198 (2) Low Fuel Pressure The code is logged.
The engine power is derated.
The Electronic Control Module (ECM) will illuminate the action lamp.
Table 2
Associated Diagnostic Trouble Codes
J1939 Code CDL Code
5584-15 E390 (1)
5584-16 E390 (2)
Table 3
Troubleshooting Test Steps Values Results
1. Determine the CodeA. Connect Caterpillar Electronic Technician (ET) to the service tool connector. Refer to Troubleshooting, “Electronic Service Tools”, if necessary.

B. Download the “Warranty Report” from the engine ECM before performing any troubleshooting or clearing diagnostic trouble codes.

C. Determine if a diagnostic trouble code is present or an associated code is present.

Codes Result: An E198 or 5580 code is present.Proceed to Test Step 2.

Result: An associated code is present.

Troubleshoot the associated code. Refer to the proper troubleshooting procedure.

STOP

2. Check the Fuel Level in the TankA. Visually inspect the fuel level in the fuel tank. Ensure that the fuel tank contains enough fuel in order to operate the engine.

B. Ensure that the fuel supply valve (if equipped) is in the full OPEN position.

Fuel level Result: The fuel level is OK.Proceed to Test Step 3.

Result: The fuel level is not OK.

Fill the tank. Verify that the problem has been resolved.

If the problem is not resolved, proceed to Test Step 3.

3. Inspect the Fuel System for LeaksA. Perform a visual inspection of the fuel system. Verify that there are no fuel leaks. Inspect the fuel lines from the fuel transfer pump to the secondary fuel filter base for restrictions. Refer to Systems Operation/Testing and Adjusting, “Fuel System – Inspect” for additional information. Leaks in the fuel system Result: No leaks were found.Proceed to Test Step 4.

Result: Leaks were found in the fuel system.

Repair the leaks. Verify that the problem is resolved.

If the problem is not resolved, proceed to Test Step 4.

Note: Cold weather adversely affects the characteristics of the fuel. Refer to the engine Operation and Maintenance Manual for information on improving the characteristics of the fuel during cold-weather operation.

Table 4
Required Tooling for Fuel Pressure Sensor 
8t-7860 Connector
110-6349 Fitting As
8t-0855 Pressure Gauge
6v-3990 Coupler


Illustration 1 g03429827
C9.3 Engines

(1) Fuel temperature sensor

(2) Unfiltered fuel pressure sensor

(3) Fuel pressure sensor

(4) Fuel filter base

Note: Do not use location (2) for measuring the fuel pressure. Follow the steps below.


Illustration 2 g03429828
C13 – C18 Engines

(5) Fuel temperature sensor

(6) Fuel sampling port

(7) Fuel pressure sensor

(8) Fuel filter base

Note: Do not use location (6) for measuring the fuel pressure. Follow the steps below.

Table 5
Troubleshooting Test Steps Values Results
4. Check the Fuel Pressure SensorA. Record the fuel pressure from Cat ET. Record the value in Table 6.

B. Remove the fuel pressure sensor .

C. Install a 8t-7860 Connector into the port of the pressure sensor .

D. Install the 110-6349 Fitting As onto the 8t-7860 Connector .

E. Install a 8t-0855 Pressure Gauge onto a 6v-3990 Coupler .

F. Install the 6v-3990 Coupler onto the 110-6349 Fitting As .

G. Record the fuel pressure from Cat ET and on the pressure gauge. Record the data in Table 6.

Pressure sensor Result: The gauge value of the fuel pressure is within 69 kPa (10 psi) of the fuel pressure reading shown in ET.Proceed to Test Step 5.

Result: The gauge value of the fuel pressure is not within
69 kPa (10 psi) of the fuel pressure reading shown in ET.

Replace the pressure sensor. Verify that the problem has been resolved.

If the problem is not resolved, proceed to Test Step 5.

Table 6
Engine RPM Fuel pressure from Cat ET Fuel pressure from the mechanical gauge
800
1800
Table 7
Troubleshooting Test Steps Values Results
5. Replace the Fuel FiltersA. Replace the primary filter, the secondary filter, and the tertiary fuel filters.
The fuel system will need to be primed after the filters are replaced.

B. Reset all active codes by cycling the keyswitch to the Off position for 2 minutes.

Fuel filters Result: The problem has been resolved.Return the engine to service.

Result: The problem has not been resolved.

Proceed to Test Step 6.

6. Check for Air in the Fuel SystemA. Check for air in the fuel. Refer to Systems Operation/Testing and Adjusting, “Air in Fuel – Test” for the proper procedure Air in the system Result: Air is in the system.Refer to Systems Operation/Testing and Adjusting, “Air in Fuel – Test” for the proper repairs.

Result: Air is not in the system.

Proceed to Test Step 7.


Illustration 3 g03429826
C9.3 Engines

(9) Anti-drain check valve

(10) Fuel return pressure regulator


Illustration 4 g03429824
C13 – C18 Engines

(11) Anti-drain check valve

(12) Fuel return pressure regulator

Table 8
Troubleshooting Test Steps Values Results
7. Replace the Fuel Return Pressure Regulator

A. Replace the fuel return pressure regulator.

B. Inspect the anti-drain check valve for proper operation.

Replace pressure regulator Result: The problem has been resolved

Return the engine to service.

STOP

Result: The problem has not been resolved.

Proceed to Test Step 8.

8. Replace the Transfer Pump

A. Replace the transfer pump.
For information about testing the transfer pump, Refer to Testing and Adjusting, “Fuel System Pressure – Test”.

Transfer pump Result: The transfer pump was replaced.

Reset all active codes and clear all logged codes by using Cat® ET.

Verify that the problem has been resolved.

STOP

Test Step 1.

  1. Complete the procedure in the order in which the steps are listed.

Results:

 

  • The procedure corrected the issue. – STOP 
  • The procedure did not correct the issue. –Repair: Contact your Cat dealer Technical Communicator (TC). For further assistance, your TC can confer with the Dealer Solutions Network (DSN).

    STOP

Posted in C18

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