- Air shutoff
- Active codes and logged codes
- Unstable fuel supply
- Electrical connections
- Circuit protection
- Engine speed/timing
Note: The procedures have been listed in order of probability. Complete the procedures in order.
|Troubleshooting Test Steps||Values||Results|
1. Air Shutoff
A. Check the operation of the air shutoff system.
Result: The air shutoff system is operating properly.
Proceed to Test Step 2.
Result: The air shutoff system is not operating properly.
Repair the air shutoff system. Refer to Troubleshooting, “Air Shutoff – Test” for troubleshooting information.
2. Active Codes and Logged Codes
A. Certain diagnostic codes and/or event codes may cause an engine shutdown. Connect Caterpillar Electronic Technician (ET) and check for active codes and for logged codes. Troubleshoot any codes that are present prior to continuing with this procedure.
B. A E991-3 code is a system lockout code and will cause an intermittent shutdown. Refer to Troubleshooting, “Diesel Particulate Filter Collects Excessive Soot” for details concerning a E991-3 code.
Result: There are active codes.
Troubleshoot any active codes before continuing with this procedure.
Result: There are no active codes.
Proceed to Test Step 3.
3. Electrical Connections
A. Check for the correct installation of the ECM J1/P1 and the J2/P2 connectors. Check for correct installation of the fuel injector connectors.
Result: There are suspect connectors.
Repair connectors that are suspect or replace connectors that are suspect.
Perform the “Wiggle Test” on Cat ET.
Result: There are no suspect connectors.
Proceed to Test Step 4.
4. Unstable Fuel Supply
If there is an immediate engine shutdown, troubleshoot the electrical connectors before proceeding with this procedure.
A. Inspect the fuel system. Refer to Systems Operation/Testing and Adjusting, “Fuel System – Inspect” for additional information.
Cold weather adversely affects the characteristics of the fuel. Refer to the engine Operation and Maintenance Manual for information on improving the characteristics of the fuel during cold-weather operation.
B. Check fuel quality. Check the fuel tank for debris or foreign objects which may block the fuel supply.
C. Check the filtered fuel pressure while the engine is being cranked.
Result: The fuel quality is OK.
Proceed to Test Step 5.
Result: The fuel quality is not OK.
Replace the fuel. Verify that the repair eliminated the problem.
5. Electrical Connections
A. Check the power and ground connections to the ECM. Refer to Troubleshooting, “Electrical Power Supply – Test”.
Result: The electrical connections are OK.
Proceed to Test Step 6.
Result: The electrical connections are not OK.
Repair or replace the damaged connectors. Verify that the repair eliminated the problem.
A. Check the keyswitch input to the ECM.
B. Check any engine shutdown switches and associated wiring.
Result: The shutdown switches and wiring are OK.
Proceed to Test Step 7.
Result: The shutdown switches and wiring are not OK.
Make the necessary repairs, Verify that the repair eliminated the problem.
7. Circuit Protection
A. Inspect the wires and connectors to all circuit protection for the engine.
B. Check the device for circuit protection.
Result The circuit protection device is tripped.
Reset the circuit breakers if the circuit breakers are tripped. If necessary, replace fuses (if equipped). Prior to returning the engine to service, determine the condition that caused the circuit breaker to trip. Make the necessary repairs.
Result The circuit protection device is not tripped.
Proceed to Test Step 8.
8. Engine Speed/Timing
A. Thoroughly inspect the connectors for the engine speed/timing sensors.
B. Crank the engine, if the engine starts and no speed timing codes are logged, the speed timing circuit is operating properly.
Result: The Speed/Timing sensor circuit is not operating properly.
Make the necessary repairs, Verify that the repair eliminated the problem. Refer to Troubleshooting, “Speed/Timing `- Test”
Complete the procedure in the order in which the steps are listed.
The procedure corrected the issue. Return the engine to service.
The procedure did not correct the issue.
Contact your Cat dealer Technical Communicator (TC). For further assistance, your TC can confer with the Dealer Solutions Network (DSN).