- Look for excessive idle or high load
- Unstable fuel supply
- Calibration procedure of the engine speed/timing
- Unstable injection system
- Restriction in the air inlet and exhaust
- Check for damaged accessory equipment
Use Caterpillar Electronic Technician (ET) to check the “Current Totals” for excessive idle time and/or for a high load factor which would be indicative of poor operating habits.
Visually check the fuel level. Do not rely on the fuel gauge only. If necessary, add fuel. If the engine has been run out of fuel, it will be necessary to purge the air from the fuel system. Refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual.
Ensure that the fuel supply valve (if equipped) is in the full OPEN position.
Check fuel lines for the following problems: restrictions, collapse and pinched line. Repair the lines and/or replace the lines.
- Check the fuel tank for foreign objects which may block the fuel supply. Check for air leaks in the suction line of the fuel pump. Purge the fuel system after you perform the following procedures:
- Replacing the fuel filters
- Working on the low pressure fuel supply circuit
- Replacing fuel injectors
- Cold weather adversely affects the characteristics of the fuel. Refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual for information on improving the characteristics of the fuel during cold weather operation.
- Check the fuel pressure during engine operation. Check the fuel pressure after the fuel filter. Refer to the Systems Operation/Testing and Adjusting manual for the correct pressure values. If the fuel pressure is low, replace the fuel filters. If the fuel pressure is still low, check the following items: fuel pump, pump coupling and fuel pressure regulating valve.
Perform a speed/timing sensor calibration. Refer to the calibration procedure Troubleshooting, “Timing – Calibrate”.
- Check for correct installation of the J1/P1 and J2/P2 Electronic Control Module (ECM) connectors and the injector connectors. Refer to Troubleshooting, “Electrical Connectors – Inspect”.
- Perform the “Injector Solenoid Test” on Cat ET in order to determine if all of the injector solenoids are being energized by the ECM.
- Perform the “Cylinder Cutout Test” on Cat ET in order to identify any injectors that might be misfiring. Refer to Troubleshooting, “Injector Solenoid – Test”.
- Inspect the air filter for a restriction. If the air filter shows signs of being plugged, clean the air filter or replace the air filter.
- Check the air inlet and exhaust system for restrictions and/or for leaks. Refer to Systems Operation/Testing and Adjusting.
Check all accessory equipment for problems that may create excessive load on the engine. Repair any damaged components or replace any damaged components.