AIR INLET AND EXHAUST SYSTEM
1. Exhaust manifold. 2. Inlet manifold. 3. Engine cylinder. 4. Turbocharger compressor wheel. 5. Turbocharger turbine wheel. 6. Air inlet. 7. Exhaust outlet.
The air inlet and exhaust system components are: air cleaner, inlet manifold, cylinder head, valves and valve system components, exhaust manifold, and turbocharger.
Clean inlet air from the air cleaner is pulled through the air inlet (6) of the turbocharger by the turning compressor wheel (4). The compressor wheel causes a compression of the air. The air then goes to the inlet manifold (2) of the engine. When the intake valves open, the air goes into the engine cylinder (3) and is mixed with the fuel for combustion. When the exhaust valves open, the exhaust gases go out of the engine cylinder and into the exhaust manifold (1). From the exhaust manifold, the exhaust gases go through the blades of the turbine wheel (5). This causes the turbine wheel and compressor wheel to turn. The exhaust gases then go out the exhaust outlet (7) of the turbocharger.
AIR INLET AND EXHAUST SYSTEM (Typical Example)
1. Exhaust manifold. 2. Inlet manifold. 8. Turbocharger.