As a seasoned diesel engine technician, I’ve encountered my fair share of surprises over the years. But none quite so perplexing as the oil capacity of the Cat 3116 engine. You see, this particular engine can have two different oil capacities depending on the oil pan depth.
For those not familiar with the Cat 3116, it’s a six-cylinder diesel engine commonly found in marine applications, as well as in some trucks and buses. It’s a reliable and powerful engine, known for its durability and longevity. But when it comes to oil changes, things can get a bit confusing.
The reason for the oil capacity discrepancy lies in the different oil pan depths. The Cat 3116 can come with either a shallow pan or a deep pan. The shallow pan holds approximately 20 quarts of oil, while the deep pan holds a whopping 34 quarts.
So, how do you know which oil pan your Cat 3116 has? Well, the easiest way is to consult the engine’s serial number. You can also check the dipstick markings. The deep pan dipstick is marked with a full capacity of 34 quarts, while the shallow pan dipstick is marked with a full capacity of 20 quarts.
If you’re unsure about the oil pan depth, it’s always best to err on the side of caution and add a little less oil. It’s better to have too little oil than too much. Overfilling the engine crankcase can damage the engine seals and bearings.
Once you’ve determined the oil pan depth, you can proceed with the oil change. Be sure to use the correct type of oil and filter for your Cat 3116 engine. And always consult the engine’s owner’s manual for specific oil change instructions.